The body of law related to punishment and crime is criminal law also known as penal law. A crime is either an omission or act of public law violation by commanding or forbidding it. Criminal law controls the behavior and social conduct of people and rules out anything harmful, threatening or endangering people’s moral welfare, safety and health as well as property. In criminal law, there is the persecution by the state bodies of persons for omissions grouped as crimes. Criminal law is when people are penalized for violating laws either by forfeiting property, fines or imprisonment and others.
When a company or an individual is faced with committing a crime that is when a criminal lawyer who is also a criminal defense lawyer that specializes with defending them comes in handy. Many criminal defense lawyers are either working under a law firm or in private practice. There are those who work for the government as public defenders or non-profit agencies. When a person is unable to hire a lawyer, they get the representation of a public defender who is a lawyer appointed in court to represent such people. Criminal lawyers deal with different criminal cases starting with fraud, embezzlement, theft, drug crimes, violent crimes, sex crimes, domestic violence crimes and others. These lawyers serve both as advocates or advisors to their clients. These lawyers go to appellate or trial courts to represent the accused or defendants who have been charged with criminal cases.
The extent of criminal lawyers includes post-conviction remedies, appeals, probation or parole, trial and bail hearing. A criminal lawyer is expected to thoroughly study a case, research the law for such a case, and the procedures and statutes of law. Criminal defense attorneys are expected to develop an approach for the case and also have a strong defense. Criminal lawyers should argue, draft and file for the accused. To plead for lesser charges from the prosecution is the role of a criminal lawyer. A criminal lawyer represents accused persons in appellate courts when needed. To able to persuade a jury or represent a case before a judge a criminal lawyer should have proper written and oral advocacy skills. Criminal lawyers should also have strong research and investigative skills to be able to develop a strong defense and build a client case. Criminal defense lawyers are hired to protect their rights because in the absence of one a person can harm his interest and waive his rights.
Criminal prosecutors are tasked with developing a case against an accused in a criminal trial. They must provide proof to show that the defendant is guilty. Unless a criminal defendant is proven guilty they are always innocent so a criminal prosecutor must provide proof showing they are guilty.